The San Francisco Bay Area is a natural world leader in the fields of data and AI, being the headquarters of major tech companies such as Intel
, Alphabet (Google)
and more recently Twitter
Stanford University plays a leading role in this ecosystem, through the Stanford Data Sciencedepartment, which aims to create synergies with the university’s other departments, as well as the Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (SAIL) and the Center for Artificial Intelligence in Medicine & Imaging (AIMI) which develop the use and application of AI systems. Finally, the Stanford Cyber Policy Center is particularly involved in the regulation and governance of digital technologies such as AI. The University of California Berkeley (UC Berkeley) also has research laboratories in these fields, including Berkeley Artificial Intelligence Research Lab (BAIR), Berkeley Expert Systems Technology Lab (BEST) and International Computer Science Institute (ICSI).
Generalist innovation support structures, such as Y combinator and Plug and Play Tech Centerhave a particular interest in data science and AI, while venture capital funds, such as The Hive focus on startups in these fields..
Several associations and events, such as the Silicon Valley Science Technology Association (SVSTA), Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) and the AI Accelerator Summit, bring together the main players in this technology sector, and enable new successes to emerge, Following on from the record-breaking fund-raising efforts of OpenAI ($11B), whose aim is to develop machine learning applications based on research, and which is notably behind ChatGPT, Nuro ($2.3B), which is developing autonomous delivery vehicles using AI, Freenome ($1.1B), which uses AI to detect certain biological markers specific to cancer.